Data communication interfaces - WXT530

WXT530 Series User Guide

Document code
English (United States)
Document type
User guide
Figure 1. Data communication interfaces

With RS-485 and RS-422 interfaces, if the data rate is 9600 Bd or higher and the cabling from the transmitter to the host is 600 m (2000 ft) or longer, you must use termination resistors at both ends of the line.

The WXT530 series transmitters with serial communication interface have built-in termination options. Plain resistor (R) termination or termination with resistor connected series with capacitor can be selected with jumpers. By default, no termination is selected. In RS-422 mode, built-in termination is only between RX- and RX+ lines.

If external line termination is used, resistor range 100 … 180 Ω is suitable for twisted pair lines. Resistors are connected across RX- to RX+ and across TX- to TX+ (with RS-485 only one resistor needed).

Figure 2. Termination jumper positions
NC, no termination
R, 121 Ω termination
RC, 121 Ω series with 4.7 nF capacitor termination

The termination resistors increase power consumption significantly during data transmission. If low power consumption is a must, connect a 0.1 uF capacitor in series with each external termination resistor or use internal RC termination.

Note that the RS-485 interface can be used with four wires (as RS-422).

The main difference between the RS-485 and RS-422 interfaces is their protocol:

  • In the RS-422 mode the transmitter is constantly enabled
  • In the RS-485 mode the transmitter is enabled only during transmission (for allowing the host’s transmission in the two-wire case).

The RS-232 output swings only between 0 ... +4.5 V. This is enough for modern PC inputs. The recommended maximum for the RS-232 line length is 100 m (300 ft) with 1200 Bd data rate. Higher rates require shorter distance, for instance, 30 m (100 ft) with 9600 Bd.

If you use the transmitter on an RS-485 bus with other polled devices, always disable the error messaging feature with the command: 0SU,S=N<crlf>.